Born in Baku, Azerbaijan, in the Soviet Union in 1963, Garry Kasparov became the under-18 chess champion of the USSR at the age of 12 and the world under-20 champion at 17. He came to international fame at the age of 22 as the youngest world chess champion in history in 1985. Kasparov’s famous matches against the IBM super-computer Deep Blue in 1996-97 were key to bringing artificial intelligence, and chess, into the mainstream. They also sparked his passionate interest in AI and the human relationship with our increasingly intelligent machines.
Kasparov was one of the first prominent Soviets to call for democratic reforms in the Soviet Union. In 1990, he and his family escaped ethnic violence in his native Baku as the USSR collapsed. In 2005, Kasparov, in his 20th year as the world’s top-rated player, retired from professional chess to join the vanguard of the Russian pro-democracy movement. Facing imminent arrest during Putin’s crackdown, Kasparov moved from Moscow to New York City in 2013.
In 2012, Kasparov was named chairman of the New York-based Human Rights Foundation, succeeding Václav Havel. In 2016, he was named a Security Ambassador by Avast Software, where he discusses cybersecurity and the digital future, and to the executive board of the Foundation for Responsible Robotics. In 2017, he founded the Renew Democracy Initiative, dedicated to promoting the principles of the free world. The US-based Kasparov Chess Foundation non-profit promotes the teaching of chess in education systems around the world.
Since 1990, Kasparov has been a regular contributor on politics to many major publications, including The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, CNN, and The New York Daily News. His Twitter and Facebook boast over three-quarter million followers. Kasparov speaks frequently to business audiences around the world on strategy, decision-making, politics, and artificial intelligence.
Kasparov’s book How Life Imitates Chess on strategy and decision-making is available in over 20 languages. He is the author of two acclaimed series of chess books, My Great Predecessors and Modern Chess. Kasparov’s prescient book, Winter Is Coming: Why Vladimir Putin and the Enemies of the Free World Must Be Stopped,was released in 2015. His latest book on artificial intelligence and the human-machine relationship is Deep Thinking: Where Machine Intelligence Ends and Human Creativity Begins (2017).
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